A Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT) is a group of professional and para-professional medical personnel designed to provide medical care during public health emergencies or National Security Special Events (NSSEs).
Teams are capable of performing a wide range of patient-care functions in a variety of mission scenarios, including but not limited to:
- primary, acute, stabilizing emergency care
- emergency department decompression
- inpatient care augmentation
- supporting patient movement
- stabilization and transfer of all patients including ill/injured and nursing home patients
- staffing casualty/patient collection points
- triage services
- mass prophylaxis
- medical site/shelter operations
DMATs are a response resource that incorporates scalable deployment configuration sizes with specific clinical, non-clinical and leadership personnel. DMAT team members include advanced clinicians (nurse practitioners/physician assistants), medical officers, registered nurses, respiratory therapists, paramedics, pharmacists, safety specialists, logistical specialists, information technologists, communication and administrative specialists.
DMATs deploy to disaster sites with sufficient supplies and equipment to sustain themselves for a period of 72 hours while providing medical care at a fixed or temporary medical care site. The personnel are typically activated for a period of two weeks.