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Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness (PREP​) Act

PREP Act Coverage and Monkeypox: Frequently Asked Questions

The existing PREP Act declaration for smallpox also applies to monkeypox and other orthopox viruses. Find out how the existing PREP Act declaration protects providers when they administer medical countermeasures to address monkeypox and learn more about other implications of this declaration.

Read the FAQ

The Public Read​iness and Emergency Prepar​edness Act (PREP Act) authorizes the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (Secretary) to issue a PREP Act declaration. The declaration pro​vides immunity from liability (except for willful misconduct) for claims:

  • of loss caused, arising out of, relating to, or resulting from administration or use of countermeasures to diseases, threats and conditions
  • determined by the Secretary to constitute a present, or credible risk of a future public health emergency
  • to entities and individuals involved in the development, manufacture, testing, distribution, administration, and use of such countermeasures

A PREP Act declaration is specifically for the purpose of providing immunity from liability, and is different from, and not dependent on, other emergency declarations.

COVID-19 PREP Act Declarations

Other Current PREP Act Declarations