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NHSS, 2023-2026 Implementation Plan

The National Health Security Strategy (NHSS), 2023-2026 provides a whole-of-nation approach to prepare for, protect from, respond to, and recover from the adverse health effects of public health emergencies and disasters. Healthcare and public health (HPH) preparedness depend on many interconnected systems, including public health, medical, and emergency management. Collaboration between the federal government, state, local, tribal, and territorial (SLTT) partners, regional entities, the private sector, non-governmental organizations, and communities is needed to effectively respond to health security threats and challenges discussed in the NHSS, 2023-2026.

The NHSS, 2023-2026 Implementation Plan (NHSS IP) serves as a framework to guide federal action and recommend implementation activities for SLTT partners, private industry, and communities. The NHSS IP builds on the goals and objectives of the NHSS, 2023-2026 and provides suggested implementation actions and desired outcomes for the federal government. Successful implementation of NHSS IP actions depend on establishing strategic partnerships and addressing the needs of at-risk individuals[1] and underserved communities[2]. Actions will be implemented throughout the course of the timeframe of the NHSS (2023-2026). Implementation will be informed by the current and projected threat environment, alignment with relevant priorities and initiatives, and available resources. Additionally, the NHSS IP offers suggested implementation actions for a wide array of non-federal partners. These actions are intended to be broad so they can be applied to the individual needs of the stakeholder.

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1  “At-risk individuals” means children, pregnant individuals, older adults, and other individuals who may have access and functional needs during a public health emergency.

2  According to Executive Order 13985, underserved communities refers to populations sharing a particular characteristic, as well as geographic communities, that have been systematically denied a full opportunity to participate in aspects of economic, social, and civic life, such as: Black, Latino, and Indigenous and Native American persons, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders and other persons of color; members of religious minorities; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) persons; persons with disabilities; persons who live in rural areas; and persons otherwise adversely affected by persistent poverty or inequality. Moreover, the HHS Equity Action Plan, issued pursuant to EO 13985, identifies the need to provide language access services to individuals with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) as necessary in order to achieve equity in the provision of federally funded health programs and services.