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Strategic Goal 2

NHSS, 2023-2026 Implementation Plan

Strategic Goal 2 icon Strategic Goal 2:
Improve capabilities to safeguard and protect against an array of health security threats, including emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, especially zoonotic diseases

Interoperable and modernized disease surveillance systems that are capable of rapid information exchange within and across the human, animal, plant, food, and environmental sectors are critical for enabling response actions and decision-making. Protecting against health threats also requires enhancing safety measures across the food supply chain. Additionally, strong cybersecurity can minimize the potential for attacks and data breaches on critical health technology.

Modernized surveillance systems should also be more representative of the entire population by including more granular socioeconomic, occupational, and demographic information. This will help identify needs of underserved communities and reduce inequities by enhancing the visibility of at-risk individuals. In addition, these data need to help inform response actions and be effectively promoted and acted on during a response.

The NHSS identifies four objectives to enhance surveillance and response capabilities. The following outlines implementation actions and desired outcomes for the next four years.

Detection of emerging and zoonotic disease threats is paramount to safeguarding the health security of the United States and relies on collecting real-time surveillance data, timely reporting, and transparent data sharing across the domestic and international community. Integrating disparate data from within and across the human, animal, food, plant, and environmental sectors is critical to detecting health security threats such as emerging and zoonotic diseases to allow for swift response actions and data driven decision-making.

Desired Outcome: Federal departments and agencies involved in human, animal, plant, food, and environmental sectors engage in planning to modernize and integrate surveillance systems and data sharing processes and expand laboratory capacity.

Federal Implementation Actions:

2.1.1  Identify investments to expand research and diagnostic laboratory and hospital capacity to detect, characterize, and report emerging diseases.

2.1.2  Assess standardization and technology among federal human, animal, plant, food, and environmental health surveillance systems to identify common data elements and promote data sharing mechanisms.

2.1.3  Build data management and analysis expertise in the public health workforce to modernize and sustain public health surveillance systems.

2.1.4  Continue to expand international partnerships and data sharing agreements to strengthen rapid detection and surveillance of global health threats.

Recommended Partners Activities for Strategic Goal 2

  • HPH organizations, agricultural, veterinary, diagnostic, and research laboratories can establish data standards that crosscut reporting systems to create connected systems that enable rapid threat detection and response.
  • SLTT authorities can conduct exercises focused on evaluating and improving coordination processes between human, animal, plant, food, and environmental health partners.

  • Food industry stakeholders can promote sustainable agricultural and land use practices that mitigate potential disease spread and limit negative impacts on wildlife, farming resources, and communities.
  • Health care and public health organizations can develop processes for routine vulnerability assessments, timely incident reporting, and system updates for their IT systems.
  • Health care and public health professionals can share surveillance system data outputs with community leaders and members to get their interpretation of the outputs and their perspectives on data gaps.

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